A new bill presented in Brazil is trying to introduce bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies as an approved means of payment in the country. The bill, presented by Federal Deputy Paulo Martins, proposes to amend already existing regulations to include several dispositions that would allow cryptocurrency payments and investments to be officially supported.
If approved, the bill would introduce disposition XIV in article 835 of the Civil Procedure Code, which reads:
Crypto assets, understood as digital representations of value that, not being currency, have their own unit of measure, traded electronically through the use of cryptography and within the scope of distributed ledger technologies, used as a financial asset, means of exchange or payment, an instrument of access to goods and services or investment.
The bill would also introduce the option of collecting and paying debts with crypto via the courts, defining explicitly the steps that must be taken to use this tech. First and foremost, the bill safeguards the private keys of the users, clarifying that the courts will not have access to these in any case. To cancel a debt with cryptocurrencies, the debtor would have to deposit the desired cryptocurrencies to the wallet of the specific court.
In the case of a debt collection, the courts will coordinate with intermediaries that will then proceed to block the crypto assets of the debtors to ensure they fulfill their obligations. However, the bill does not define procedures in the case that there are no intermediaries holding the funds, meaning that the assets are in a self-custody wallet.
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